Dahlquist loved the Infantry
and respected the infantryman. The excellent training program that
he set up for the 70th Division stood in good stead during combat.
Although he didn't command the Division in combat his influence was
felt throughout its life.
He was a two-star general when he
organized the Trailblazers in 1943. He wore four stars when he
answered the last roll call in 1975.
A veteran of two World Wars, he held
some of the highest military posts in the Unites States Army. During
combat he led the 36th (Texas) Division to the painful victories of
Cassino and Salerno in the bitter Italian campaign and then into
France from the southeast in an operation that is cited in military
He had been returned to the United
States from Europe in 1943; there he had been deputy chief of staff
to General Dwight D. Eisenhower, then commander of U.S. forces in
the ETO. After leading the 70th to its fighting fitness, he returned
to the Continent and command of the 36th.
His Division captured many high Nazi
officials in its dramatic sweep through France. Its captives
included Hermann Goering. In the final days of the war, the 36th
operated not far from the Trailblazers' right flank.
After the war he served at the Pentagon
as deputy director of personnel and in 1949 went back to Germany as
commander of the famed 1st Infantry Division, then was promoted to
command the 5th Corps there. Later he commanded the 4th Army in the
At the time of his retirement, Gen.
Dahlquist was head of the new Continental Army Command that
consolidated six Armies, the Military District of Washington and all
Army field forces.
Born in Minneapolis, he was
commissioned in 1917 while a junior at the University of Minnesota.
He was sent directly to Europe and served through all of World War I
combat and in the Army of Occupation. Later he was assigned to the
After WW2 he rose rapidly to his final
command. He died June 30, 1975. His wife, who was a familiar figure
at Camp Adair, died two weeks later. They rest in the
Trailblazers remember that Brig. Gen. Peter P. Rodes
- readily identified as commander of Divisional Artillery-was also
commanding general of the 70th for the period while the division
moved from Adair to Fort Leonard Wood. He assumed command when Gen.
Dahlquist left Oregon and before Gen. Barnett took over.
He was an artillery officer since WW1
service in 1917. His military career began as a midshipman at the
Naval Academy at Annapolis and he played on the Navy football team
for three years. He resigned his commission in 1913 to return to
business in his native Kentucky. But in 1917, with Europe aflame in
the Great War, he went back into uniform, this time in the Army. He
served with the 90th Division in combat in France and in German
occupation. He came back to the States and received a permanent
For five years he played on the Army
polo team and was a member of the squad that defeated the British,
in 1925 in London, and the Argentines, in Buenos Aires, in '30.
He came to the 70th in August, 1943,
from the 2nd Cavalry Division artillery and the 9th Armored Division
Divarty. Right after the war he commanded the Fort Dix Separation
Center, one of the busiest in the country. Then, during the infamous
Russian siege of Berlin and the historic airlift that sustained the
city, he was director of military intelligence in that sector. After
his retirement from the Army he returned to native state where he
died in Louisville at the age of 75.
he was 15, Allison J. Barnett enlisted as
a buck private in the Kentucky National Guard. Six years later, in
1913, he was discharged a sergeant. Thirty-one more years: He's a
2-star general and leads the 70th from Forbach on.
In between he had a broad military
career. When the first World War began, he reenlisted and was
commissioned a captain in the 3rd Kentucky Infantry. After three
years of service, he went into the regular Army as a lieutenant;
that in 1920.
In France he was an infantry company
commander and held various divisional staff posts. In the States he
served at the Field Artillery School and with the Department of
Experiment at the Infantry School at Fort Benning. After two years
in the Philippines he came back to graduate from the Command and
General Staff School and the Air Corps Tactical School. In mid-'41
he was assigned to the Army Air Force but with the outbreak of WW2
he returned to the Infantry as assistant commander of the 93rd
(Steel Helmet) Division which later fought at Bouganville in the
Pacific. Just a year after Pearl Harbor he was sent to Noumea in New
Caledonia as chief of staff of all Army forces in the South Pacific.
There he served until he took over the 70th command at Leonard Wood
After combat he became CG of the 94th
Division in Czechoslovakia and brought that outfit back to the
States early in '46. He served with the First Army as its G-2, first
at Fort Bragg and then at Governor's Island in New York Harbor.
After suffering a massive heart attack, he died November 7, 1971 at
the age of 79.
was our general.
We fought our first battles not only
under his command but under his name. For our baptism of fire came
not while we were the 70th-but while we were "Task Force Herren".
And he led us to our first two battle stars not from a distant
command post but right on the line.
Thomas W. Herren
was an old war horse soldier. But he was an infantryman's general
when the chips were down.
He was a veteran of three wars, He
graduated from Command and General Staff College long before
WWII ; he was the Commandant, US Cavalry School, Ft Riley, KS, and
then assigned to the 70th Inf Div at Fort Leonard Wood in 1944.
After WWII, he was Chief of Staff, 24th Corps, Seoul, Korea
(1947-49), Brigade Cmdr, lst Cav Div, Tokyo, Japan (1950), then
Chief, US Army Special Services until recalled to Korea during the
Korean War to be Commander, Communications Zone. He returned from
Korea to be Commander, Military District of Washington, DC, and then
went to Germany as Northern Area Commander (Frankfurt) (1951-53). He
returned to the US to be Commander, First US Army, and US Military
Representative to the UN at Governors Island, NY. He retired from
this position in 1957. He remained active for many years as a
civilian consultant. He died at the age of 89 on June 4, 1985 and
was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Mrs. Herren died in 1989.
Information above was provided by
Thomas W. Herren, Jr.